Science, Policy & Law

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC):

Statistics on the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions, and details of the UK’s greenhouse gas emissions inventory are available on the [ UK Government's website].

Detailed emissions information, including downloadable datasets and emissions maps are available from the [ National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI)]


Royal Society: Geoengineering the Climate


BIPM: Guide to Uncertainty and Measurements (GUM)

Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements:


Observational programmes:

Ongoing Global hydrography - GO-SHIP: []

Historical Global hydrography - GLODAP: []

Sea surface carbon dioxide atlas - SOCAT: []

Autonomous profiling floats - Argo: []


The Global Carbon Project: []

Terrestrial Carbon Storage [

National Centre for Earth Observation []

Orbital Carbon Observatory []

Carbo Europe []

Integrated Carbon Observation Programme []


Burba, G., 2013. Eddy Covariance Method for Scientific, Industrial, Agricultural, and Regulatory Applications: A Field Book on Measuring Ecosystem Gas Exchange and Areal Emission Rates. LI-COR Biosciences, Lincoln, NE, USA, 331 pp

Kutsch, W.L. et al. (2010) Soil carbon dynamics – an integrated methodology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Morison, J. et al. (2012) Understanding the carbon and greenhouse gas balance of forests in Britain. Forestry Commission Research Report. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh

Raumonen, P. et al. (2015) Massive-scale tree modelling from TLS data. ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 3: 189-196.

Hackenberg, J. et al. (2015) SimpleTree – An efficient open source tool to build tree models from TLS clouds. Forests 6: 4245-4294.

Raumonen, P. et al. (2013) Comprehensive quantitative tree models from terrestrial laser scanner data. Remote Sensing 5: 491-520

Williams, M., E.B Rastetter, D.N Fernandes, M.L. Goulden, G.R. Shaver & L.C. Johnson (1997) Predicting gross primary productivity in terrestrial ecosystems. Ecological Applications 7: 882-894.

Van Wijk, M.T. and M. Williams (2005). Optical instruments for measuring leaf area index in low vegetation: application in arctic ecosystems.Ecological Applications 15, 1462-1470

Palmer, Paul I., Simon O'Doherty, Grant Allen, Keith Bower, Hartmut Bösch, Martyn P. Chipperfield, Sarah Connors, „A Measurement-Based Verification Framework for UK Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Overview of the Greenhouse GAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) Project“. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 18, Nr. 16 (17. August 2018): 11753–77.

Greenhouse gAs Uk and Global Emissions (GAUGE) project (ACP/AMT Special issue jointly organized between Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics and Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Editor(s): B. N. Duncan, D. Brunner, M. Chipperfield, and N.R.P. Harris,







[The material on this website is based on lectures and activities that were developed for a series of residential summer schools held in 2015 at the University of Edinburgh and in 2016 at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton [as part of the Greenhouse Gas UK and Global Emissions (GAUGE) / Radiatively Active Gases from the N.Atlantic Region & Climate Change (RAGNARoCC) / Generating Regional Emissions Estimates with a Novel hierarchy of Observations and Upscaled Simulation Experiments (GREENHOUSE) projects] and in 2017 at the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton as part of a NERC Advanced Short Training Course. This website was funded by the NERC Advanced Short Training Course 'Multidisciplinary training in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, oceans and terrestrial biosphere summer school' (NE/P020615/1). Content was collated by Dr Peter Brown (National Oceanogrpahy Centre) and Dr Stephan Matthiesen (University of Edinburgh). More content will be added as it becomes available.]